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Book source: Marrons aan de Djukakreek in de achtiende eeuw, Silvia W. de Groot, OSO nummer 2, Oktober 1997, jaargang 16, ISSN 0167-4099

Subject: [History] The Ndjuka (Aukaners) Peace Treaty (1760)

Article:

In 1760, another group of Ndjuka maroons emerged led by Pamo of Pambu. This group became a powerful group. They were thought to have been born in Africa while the Arabie group was born in Suriname. Thus there was a difference between them based on where they were born. The colonist government did not interfer in the internal struggle and the maroons selected their own leaders and chiefs.

After 1761, the Dutch began their expeditions into Ndjuka territory. These expeditions were not only to explore the territory and put the villages on a map, but also to bring the promised tribute (gifts) to the chiefs. Almost all meetings where gifts were distributed ended in a brawl and complaints.

One of the articles of the peace treaty required the posting of military inspectors in Ndjuka villages. These military (posthouder) would report any treaty violations. In exchange the sons of the chiefs would go to Paramaribo to study how to read and write.

When Arabie died in 1764, he was succeeded by Pambu. The clan moved in 1780 from the Djukakreek to the Tapanahoni River.

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